Why fund TJ?
Civil Society Roles
TJ is a key part of democratization, development, and peacebuilding processes, during which core relationships between the state and society are strengthened or rebuilt; indeed, the World Bank’s 2011 World Development Report recognizes these links.
What is TJ?TJ includes a range of initiatives that states and societies take in order to address past systematic or massive human rights violations and violations of international humanitarian law. It is not just criminal justice, although it is often conflated with prosecutions. These initiatives have been enshrined in international legal frameworks, and they include:
- The right to justice, meaning access to equal and effective justice, and including prosecutions of those most responsible for human rights abuse.
- The right to reparation, often through state-run programs that recognize victims of human rights abuse and offer a range of remedies, e.g., cash payments, medical or psychological care, official apologies, memorials, etc.
- The right to truth, including state-led truth commissions, work with government archives, and finding missing persons; shedding light on facts that responsible state and nonstate actors may try to hide; offering victims a platform to be recognized, share their experiences, and engage as citizens.
- Guarantees of nonrecurrence, which often include specific reforms to the institutions that perpetrated the abuse, usually including vetting of the security forces for human rights abusers, among other actions and reforms.
Goals of TJInternational norms have identified a number of goals for TJ initiatives, alongside specific, country-related objectives. These broader goals include:
- Promote accountability for past human rights abuse
- Foster trust in state institutions
- Enhance long-term reconciliation and support peace processes
- Recognize victims, especially as bearers of rights